Type II diabetes is characterized by the body’s inefficiency in metabolizing glucose despite the continued production of insulin.

Risk Factors

The exact causes of diabetes remain unknown. However, there are certain risk factors associated with Type II diabetes that warrant attention. Individuals who are obese, inactive, or belong to certain ethnic groups such as Hispanic, African American, Native American, Asian, Pacific Islander, or Alaska native, are at an elevated risk for this disease.

Moreover, your genetic predisposition can significantly contribute to your likelihood of suffering from diabetes. If your immediate family members, like parents or siblings, have been diagnosed with diabetes, your risk increases. Similarly, people identified as glucose intolerant or insulin resistant are more susceptible to developing Type II diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms associated with diabetes can vary, but they are generally similar to those of Type I diabetes. However, these symptoms are often subtle and can go undetected until significant damage occurs. Regular testing is crucial for those with any risk factors, regardless of the presence or absence of symptoms. Keep an eye out for:

  • Unanticipated weight loss
  • Intense thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow-healing wounds
  • Nerve pain or tingling sensation in feet

If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s imperative to seek medical attention promptly.


People above the age of 45, especially those with other risk factors, are more prone to Type II diabetes. Regular screening is advised, even in the absence of other risk factors. A simple fasting blood glucose test, which requires abstaining from food for eight hours prior, can indicate potential issues. Further testing may be needed for a definitive diagnosis.


The treatment plan for Type II diabetes varies from person to person. It usually involves a combination of lifestyle modifications and possible medication. It’s essential to adhere to your doctor’s recommendations.

In contrast to Type I diabetes, it’s possible to combat Type II diabetes with substantial changes in diet and exercise habits. It’s often more beneficial to adopt a healthier lifestyle than to rely solely on medication. With the support of your healthcare provider, you can potentially reverse the disease and improve your overall health.

Remember, Type II diabetes is manageable, and with the right diet and exercise, it’s possible to not just control, but even reverse the condition, leading to a healthier life.